A linocut is an original piece of artwork, printed from the carved and then inked surface of a block of lino. Lino, otherwise known as ‘linoleum’ is a floor covering made from natural materials such as linseed oils, pine resin, ground cork dust, wood flour and mineral fillers.
The reduction method of linocutting uses a single block of lino to produce a multi-layered colour print. All of the layers are carefully planned before hand and traced onto the fresh piece of lino. Each time a layer is printed, the corresponding part of the lino is then cut away to give way to the next one. A linocutter would start by printing the lightest layer first and then work his/her way though to the darkest layers. Since only one piece of material is used for all the layers, this method is irreversible and the printmaker needs to print the whole edition in one go making sure no mistakes are made.